What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   Glasgow Caledonian University
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   Ferrières Hotel Management School
comprehensive profile   London School of Economics and Political Science
comprehensive profile   Jacobs University Bremen
comprehensive profile   University of Lugano
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   Anglia Ruskin University
comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   ETH - Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
comprehensive profile   Leiden University
comprehensive profile   University of Essex
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
  Queen Margaret University
  TU Dortmund
  Universidad de Navarra
  Universität Salzburg
  Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien
  Leibniz Universität Hannover - Studiengänge an der Fakultät für Maschinenbau
  Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (WWU)
  University of Tasmania
  LIMAK Austrian Business School
  Queensland University of Technology
  Middle East Technical University (METU)
  BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg
  Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě
  Willy Brandt School of Public Policy - Universität Erfurt
  Universidade de Aveiro
  Kingston University
  ENSAI - National School for Statistics and Data Analysis in France
  Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main
  University of Cumbria
  Buckinghamshire New University
  Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
  Universidade Católica Portuguesa
  Technische Universität Dresden
  DUW Institut für Weiterbildung
  Universität Mannheim
  University of Hull
  Centre for European Studies Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
  Koç University
  Université libre de Bruxelles


More locations in Europe

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More locations in Europe

Register now, save your entry ticket and plan your fair visit.


Masters portal for Germany:

Masters portal for Austria: