What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Essex
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Glasgow Caledonian University
comprehensive profile   Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
comprehensive profile   University of Warwick - WMG
comprehensive profile   HECTOR School of Engineering & Management
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   ETH - Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
comprehensive profile   Jacobs University Bremen
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   University of Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Anglia Ruskin University
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   London School of Economics and Political Science - Department of Management
  University of Queensland
  London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  Le Groupe ESC Dijon-Bourgogne
  HKUST Business School
  University of Lincoln
  Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
  KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave
  Helmut-Schmidt-Universität - Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg
  Universität Regensburg
  Central European University (CEU-Hungary)
  European University at Saint Petersburg
  Sacred Heart University
  Queensland University of Technology
  University of East Anglia
  University of York
  Technische Universität Graz
  University of Western Sydney
  HafenCity Universität Hamburg
  Universität des Saarlandes
  Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte
  Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) München
  Masarykova univerzita
  University of Sussex
  University of Southampton
  Cranfield School of Management
  Robert Gordon University
  Johannes Kepler Universität Linz


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