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History

Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.

Classification

As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 

Degree

As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University College Cork
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   London School of Economics and Political Science
comprehensive profile   University of Lugano
comprehensive profile   University of Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Sheffield Hallam University
comprehensive profile   Edinburgh Napier University
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Leiden University
comprehensive profile   Glasgow Caledonian University
comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Ferrières Hotel Management School
comprehensive profile   Jacobs University Bremen
comprehensive profile   University of Reading
comprehensive profile   University of Essex
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   HECTOR School of Engineering & Management
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
  LE CNAM - Conservatoire national des arts et métiers
  Steinbeis School of Management and Innovation (SMI)
  University of St. Gallen
  Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences
  University of Aberdeen
  Mid Sweden University
  Utrecht University
  Vilnius University
  Universität des Saarlandes
  Bergische Universität Wuppertal
  Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
  Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
  Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel
  School of Advanced Study
  University of Lincoln
  Brandeis University
  University of Wroclaw
  University of Leeds
  Inholland University of Applied Sciences
  Pädagogische Hochschule Heidelberg
  IHTTI School of Hotel Management (Swiss Education Group)
  Curtin University Australia
  Erasmus Universität Rotterdam
  Technical University of Denmark
  KU Leuven
  Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  Folkwang Universität der Künste Essen
  ...

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