What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   Anglia Ruskin University
comprehensive profile   University of Essex
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   London Metropolitan University
comprehensive profile   ESERP Business School
comprehensive profile   HECTOR School of Engineering & Management
comprehensive profile   London School of Economics and Political Science - Department of Management
comprehensive profile   Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   University of Warwick - WMG
comprehensive profile   PolyU Design
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Jacobs University Bremen
comprehensive profile   ETH - Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
  SABI University
  University of Bucharest
  KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  Edinburgh Napier University
  Univerzita Hradec Králové
  Universite de Neuchatel
  Universidade do Minho
  University of Portsmouth
  Università di Bologna
  Groupe EAC
  Robert Gordon University
  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
  International University of Monaco
  Universität Erfurt
  University of Western Sydney
  Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
  Pädagogische Hochschule Niederösterreich
  University of Gloucestershire
  Universität Bielefeld
  SRH Hotel - Akademie Dresden
  University of Florence
  Kingston University
  Universität Kassel
  Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen - Graduate Training Centre of Neuroscience
  Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě
  Sacred Heart University, John F. Welch College of Business, Luxembourg
  Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata
  Barcelona Graduate School of Economics


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