What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


go to a list of universities around the globe


Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Barcelona Graduate School of Economics
comprehensive profile   Hanken School of Economics
comprehensive profile   McGill University, Desautels Faculty of Management
comprehensive profile   Institute for Law and Finance
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Central European University (CEU)
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
  University of Macedonia
  Anglia Ruskin University
  CUHK Business School
  New Design University
  University of Manchester
  University of Hull
  Roskilde University
  Università degli Studi di Milano
  National University of Singapore
  Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
  Privatuniversität Schloss Seeburg
  Technische Universität Wien
  UBB , Babes Bolyai University
  The University of Adelaide
  University of South Wales
  TU Bergakademie Freiberg
  L'European Business School de Paris
  Universitatea Politehnica Timișoara
  Università LUM Jean Monnet - School Of Management
  Slovenská technická univerzita v Bratislave
  Univerzita Karlova
  Universität Bielefeld
  Danube Private University
  IBB - Institut für Baubetrieb und Baumanagement
  Sapienza University of Rome
  Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
  University of Southampton
  Medizinische Universität Wien
  University of Portsmouth
  Universität der Bundeswehr München
  Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg
  National University
  Universität Stuttgart
  Cass Business School
  Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main


Masters portal for Germany:

Masters portal for Austria:

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