What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

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Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Nyenrode Business Universiteit
comprehensive profile   ESMT Berlin
comprehensive profile   TUM Campus Heilbronn
  MODUL University Vienna
  Mendelova univerzita v Brně
  University Centre of the Westfjords
  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
  Gjovik University College
  University of Amsterdam
  University of Nicosia Medical School
  Technion International - Israel Institute of Technology
  City University of Hong Kong, Department of Management
  German Research School for Simulation Sciences
  Mid Sweden University
  Manhattan Studies Institute
  TU Clausthal
  Universität Duisburg-Essen
  TU Dortmund
  Veterinární a farmaceutická univerzita Brno
  IOM | Institut für Organisation & Management, Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin
  Universite de Neuchatel
  Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien
  University of Siena
  The University of Buckingham
  Católica Porto Business School
  Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
  School of Advanced Study
  Atilim University
  Central European University (CEU)
  Bocconi University
  Privatuniversität Schloss Seeburg
  Ovidius University of Constanta
  Technische Universität Chemnitz
  University of Glasgow
  University of Hertfordshire
  TU Braunschweig - Fakultät für Maschinenbau
  University of Groningen
  Universität Liechtenstein
  Universitat Ramon Llull
  Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  SRH Hotel - Akademie Dresden
  TU Braunschweig
  Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne
  TU Eindhoven
  Universität Freiburg (Schweiz)
  Southampton Solent University

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