What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


go to a list of universities around the globe


Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   Hertie School of Governance
comprehensive profile   CUHK Business School
comprehensive profile   Institute for Law and Finance
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   UPF Barcelona School of Management
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Leiden University
comprehensive profile   ESERP Business School
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   University of Warwick - WMG
comprehensive profile   Barcelona Graduate School of Economics
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Northumbria University
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
  BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg
  University of Exeter
  HafenCity Universität Hamburg
  Milano Fashion Institute
  University of Liverpool
  Royal Agricultural University
  Steinbeis School of Management and Innovation (SMI)
  Universität zu Köln
  PEF Privatuniversität für Management
  International Hellenic University
  University of Hull
  Universität Hohenheim
  Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci
  Universität Flensburg
  Victoria University
  Goldsmiths, University of London
  Mendelova univerzita v Brně
  University of Oxford
  Culinary Arts Academy Switzerland (Swiss Education Group)
  Radboud University
  Universidad Católica San Antonio
  Aarhus BSS at Aarhus University
  Trinity College Dublin
  Leuphana Professional School
  IAE - Aix-Marseille Graduate School of Management
  University of York
  Hamburger Fern-Hochschule - HFH
  Macquarie University
  Plymouth University
  Technion Institute for Technology
  University of Portsmouth
Related and recommended articles:

Masters Search »

+ more than 30,000 programmes
+ all fields of study
+ universities in over 25 countries
+ 10 filter options
Search now »


Masters portal for Germany:

Masters portal for Austria:

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse our site or by clicking OK, we assume your consent to our use of cookies.
Please view our Privacy Policy for further information.