What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


go to a list of universities around the globe


Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   Hanken School of Economics
comprehensive profile   McGill University, Desautels Faculty of Management
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Institute for Law and Finance
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Barcelona Graduate School of Economics
comprehensive profile   Central European University (CEU)
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
  Università di Pisa
  London Metropolitan University
  Bocconi University
  Sophiahemmet University
  EPFL - École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
  Oxford Brookes University
  Santa Fe University of Art and Design (SFUAD)
  Slezská univerzita v Opavě
  Universität Potsdam
  Teesside University
  Universität der Bundeswehr München
  Helmut-Schmidt-Universität - Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg
  King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
  University of Canterbury
  Queen Mary University of London
  PEF Privatuniversität für Management
  Vesalius College Brussels
  Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
  Linnaeus University
  Abertay University
  Macquarie University
  Hasselt University
  ESIEA - Ecole d'Ingénieurs en Sciences et Technologies du Numérique
  Université de Limoges
  Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg
  Goldsmiths, University of London
  Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  Universitat de Vic - Universitat Central de Catalunya
  University of Amsterdam Business School
  Universität Siegen Business School
  Université Catholique de Louvain
  School of Tourism and Hospitality Management Sant Ignasi
  École Supérieure d'Ingénieurs en Électronique et Électrotechnique (ESIEE)
  Mannheim Business School (MBS)
  Regent's University London


Masters portal for Germany:

Masters portal for Austria:

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