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History

Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.

Classification

As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 

Degree

As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
comprehensive profile   Barcelona Graduate School of Economics
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   UPF Barcelona School of Management
comprehensive profile   University of Warwick - WMG
comprehensive profile   Hertie School of Governance
comprehensive profile   CUHK Business School
comprehensive profile   ESERP Business School
comprehensive profile   Northumbria University
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Leiden University
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
  UMIT - Private Universität für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Medizinische Informatik und Technik
  De Montfort University
  Privatuniversität Schloss Seeburg
  University of Wales Trinity Saint David
  Universität Siegen
  Universidade do Porto
  Cranfield University
  Université de Limoges
  Durham University
  Media Design School (MDS)
  Technische Universität Ilmenau
  L'European Business School de Paris
  King's College London
  University of York
  Ghent University
  Reykjavik University
  University of Bradford
  Mälardalen University
  University of Copenhagen
  Folkwang Universität der Künste Essen
  Chalmers University of Technology
  České vysoké učení technické v Praze
  University of the West of England
  Klaipeda University
  Universität Mannheim
  University of Vaasa
  KU Leuven
  University of Regina
  Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
  The University of New South Wales
  Steinbeis Hochschule Berlin School of Governance Risk Compliance
  University of Dundee
  ...

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