What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   Hanken School of Economics
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   Institute for Law and Finance
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   Central European University (CEU)
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
  Ghent University
  HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management
  IE University
  Universidad de Navarra
  Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze
  KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  IOM | Institut für Organisation & Management, Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin
  Université de Lausanne
  Freie Universität Bozen
  Utrecht University
  Campus de Turisme, Hoteleria i Gastronomia, CETT- Universitat de Barcelona
  School of Advanced Study
  Hochschule für Musik und Darstellende Kunst (HfMDK) Mannheim
  De Montfort University
  Universität Paderborn
  Queen Margaret University
  Bocconi University
  Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně
  Sheffield Hallam University
  Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
  University of Huddersfield
  Universität des Saarlandes
  Hawaii Pacific University
  University of West London
  PEF Privatuniversität für Management
  Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě
  Manhattan Studies Institute
  University of Iceland
  IAE de Nice
  University of the West of Scotland
  University of Bucharest
  Universite Catholique de Lille
  University of the Western Sydney
  Universidade Nova de Lisboa
  Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg
  ESIEA - Ecole d'Ingénieurs en Sciences et Technologies du Numérique
  EDHEC Business School
  SOAS, University of London
  Université Catholique de Louvain
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