What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

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Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Groningen
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   ESMT Berlin
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   University of Glasgow
comprehensive profile   Luxembourg School of Business
comprehensive profile   TUM School of Management Heilbronn
comprehensive profile   Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
  École Supérieure d'Ingénieurs en Électronique et Électrotechnique (ESIEE)
  University of the West of Scotland
  University of Essex
  The University of Newcastle
  Université de Genève
  Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien
  Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel
  Leeds Beckett University
  National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  Henley Business School
  Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität
  Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  Webster University Leiden
  Cass Business School
  Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  Santa Fe University of Art and Design (SFUAD)
  Gjovik University College
  Technische Universität Delft
  Deutsche Sporthochschule (DSHS) Köln
  Université de Lausanne
  University College Birmingham
  Université du Luxembourg
  Universität Stuttgart
  Arden University
  London South Bank University
  WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
  Universität Potsdam
  Queen’s University
  Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  Universität Bayreuth
  Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
  Filmuniversität Babelsberg KONRAD WOLF
  Kingston University
  Universidade Nova de Lisboa
  Roskilde University
  Sabancı Üniversitesi

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