What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

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Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   University College Cork
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   National University of Ireland
comprehensive profile   University of Limerick
comprehensive profile   University of Groningen
comprehensive profile   University College Dublin
comprehensive profile   KMU Akademie & Management AG
comprehensive profile   ESCP Business School
comprehensive profile   Mid Sweden University
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   UNI for LIFE
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   TUM School of Management Heilbronn
comprehensive profile   Luxembourg School of Business
  University of Florence
  Universität Witten/Herdecke
  Griffith University
  Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
  University of Brighton
  Roskilde University
  Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University
  Universität Konstanz
  Plymouth University
  Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien
  The University of British Columbia
  Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien
  IOM | Institut für Organisation & Management, Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin
  Sacred Heart University
  Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Centre for European Studies
  Bertha von Suttner Privatuniversität St. Pölten
  The Open University
  Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte
  Hernstein Institut
  Vlerick Business School
  American University of Malta
  Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin
  Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
  Universität Bremen
  WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
  Auckland University of Technology
  University of Tasmania
  Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  Keele University
  Centre for European Studies Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
  University of Nottingham
  École polytechnique, IP Paris
  The University of Newcastle


Masters portal for Germany:

Masters portal for Austria:

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