What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Hier steht Text

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   UNI for LIFE
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   KMU Akademie & Management AG
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   Luxembourg School of Business
comprehensive profile   ESMT Berlin
comprehensive profile   University of Groningen
  Aston University
  IBB - Institut für Baubetrieb und Baumanagement
  Birmingham City University
  Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
  Medical University Varna
  Universität Trier
  University of Copenhagen
  Technische Universität Delft
  University of Nordland
  University of Wroclaw
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  Universität zu Lübeck
  ICN Business School
  University of Bedfordshire
  Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen (RWTH)
  PEF Privatuniversität für Management
  Universität Wien
  Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
  Helmut-Schmidt-Universität - Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg
  Abertay University
  New Design University
  King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
  Universität Osnabrück
  Universidade do Minho
  Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin - Institut für Kriminalistik – School CIFoS (Criminal Investigation & Forensic Science)
  London Metropolitan University
  Protestantse Theologische Universiteit
  Donau-Universität Krems
  Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Centre for European Studies
  University of Huddersfield
  School of Tourism and Hospitality Management Sant Ignasi
  LIMAK Austrian Business School
  Manchester Business School
  University of Cambridge
  Technische Universität Wien
  Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)

      MASTER AND MORE Study Portals

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