What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

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Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   University Centre of the Westfjords
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   ESMT Berlin
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   University of Edinburgh
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
comprehensive profile   TUM Campus Heilbronn
  Biocenter Martinsried
  Mid Sweden University
  Università Ca' Foscari Venezia
  Hertie School
  Athens University of Economics and Business
  Staffordshire University
  Nottingham Law School
  Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  Universidade do Minho
  Pädagogische Hochschule Karlsruhe
  Northumbria University
  Manhattan Studies Institute
  University of Aberdeen
  Technische Universität Delft
  University of Leeds
  Universität Liechtenstein
  Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave
  Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata
  Willy Brandt School of Public Policy - Universität Erfurt
  Université de Genève
  Leibniz Universität Hannover
  SRH Hotel - Akademie Dresden
  HafenCity Universität Hamburg
  Tomorrow University of Applied Sciences
  ESSEC Business School
  EADA Business School
  University of Oxford
  Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics
  Örebro University
  University of Bristol
  Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
  Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
  Reykjavik University
  Universität Zürich
  Newcastle University Business School
  Henley Business School
  Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals (IBEI)
  The University of Northampton
  Danube Private University

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