Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.
From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.
Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.
Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.
As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.
However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.
Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law.
As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though.
|ESERP Business School|
|University of Warwick - WMG|
|London Metropolitan University|
|Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)|
|University of Birmingham|
|London School of Economics and Political Science - Department of Management|
|University of Antwerp|
|University of Southern Denmark (SDU)|
|UPF Barcelona School of Management|
|HECTOR School of Engineering & Management|
|Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)|
|Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University|
|EAE Business School|
|Newcastle University Business School|
|Barcelona Graduate School of Economics|
|University of South Wales|
|TU Braunschweig - Fakultät für Maschinenbau|
|Nottingham Law School|
|The University of Buckingham|
|University of Agder|
|Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management|
|Steinbeis Business Academy|
|University of Sheffield|
|Katholische Privatuniversität Linz|
|Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD)|
|Centre for European Studies Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego|
|Campus de Turisme, Hoteleria i Gastronomia, CETT- Universitat de Barcelona|
|Frankfurt School of Finance & Management|
|International University of Catalonia (UIC)|
|Santa Fe University of Art and Design (SFUAD)|
|Vlerick Business School|
|University of Derby|
|Kunst Universität Linz|
|Mannheim Business School (MBS)|
|Montpellier Business School|
|Auckland University of Technology|
|University of Iceland|
|Iceland Academy of the Arts|
|The Glasgow School of Art|
|Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin|