What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   ESERP Business School
comprehensive profile   Jönköping University
comprehensive profile   University of Warwick - WMG
comprehensive profile   London Metropolitan University
comprehensive profile   Leiden University
comprehensive profile   Andrássy Universität Budapest (AUB)
comprehensive profile   University of Birmingham
comprehensive profile   London School of Economics and Political Science - Department of Management
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
comprehensive profile   Universität Stuttgart
comprehensive profile   PolyU Design
comprehensive profile   University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
comprehensive profile   UPF Barcelona School of Management
comprehensive profile   HECTOR School of Engineering & Management
comprehensive profile   Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University
comprehensive profile   EAE Business School
comprehensive profile   Newcastle University Business School
comprehensive profile   Barcelona Graduate School of Economics
  University of South Wales
  TU Braunschweig - Fakultät für Maschinenbau
  Nottingham Law School
  Masarykova univerzita
  The University of Buckingham
  University of Agder
  Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management
  Steinbeis Business Academy
  University of Sheffield
  Katholische Privatuniversität Linz
  Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD)
  Centre for European Studies Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
  Campus de Turisme, Hoteleria i Gastronomia, CETT- Universitat de Barcelona
  ESCP Europe
  Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
  Reykjavik University
  International University of Catalonia (UIC)
  Santa Fe University of Art and Design (SFUAD)
  Vlerick Business School
  University of Derby
  Kunst Universität Linz
  Aarhus University
  Mannheim Business School (MBS)
  Montpellier Business School
  Auckland University of Technology
  University of Iceland
  Iceland Academy of the Arts
  The Glasgow School of Art
  Universität Passau
  Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin


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