What are the different types of universities and what degree can you obtain there?


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Universities are the oldest institutions for higher education. They originate from the XII century. The first ones were established in Europe - University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris, University of Oxford, University of Modena. The name comes from Latin – "universita" and means community, cooperation (universitas magistrorum et scholarium – community of scholars and teachers). Many historians believe that these communities probably grew out from the catholic schools, where the classes were taught by nuns and monks.

From the XII century on, many more universities were founded in Europe and all over the world. University buildings became remarkable signs of European cities. Some of them are built as campuses and provide accommodations for students.

Teaching methods

Modern universities in Europe have diverse teaching methods. While German universities, for example, follow the Humboldtian model and place importance on seminars, communication freedom and scholar’s involvement in the teaching process, the French ones are stricter and more narrative.

Although, the most common teaching forms at the European universities are lectures, seminars, research, internships, exams and final thesis.


As nowadays there are several types of higher education institutions different than the traditional universities - Business School, University of Applied Sciences, College, University of Technology and etc., there are significant classification criteria that vary by country.

However, universities differentiate by their sponsorship and foundation – there are private, public and national universities. The private ones are not funded by government, but independently or by donations.

Their tuition fees are usually higher than the public and national ones. Public universities are sponsored by state or municipality, whereby the national (or state) one may also belong to this group – all depends on the country’s law. 


As a general rule, most of the universities offer undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate studies (Master and Doctorate). There are also other types like Integrated Master (longer Bachelors study awarded with a Master degree). Most of the degree types in Europe are similar, but the degree titles also vary by country, though. 

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Find the best university and learn more about the institution and what Masters programmes it offer:

comprehensive profile   ESCP Business School
comprehensive profile   Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
comprehensive profile   Mid Sweden University
comprehensive profile   Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
comprehensive profile   University of Groningen
comprehensive profile   Hult International Business School
comprehensive profile   Luxembourg School of Business
comprehensive profile   University of Limerick
comprehensive profile   Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
comprehensive profile   TUM School of Management Heilbronn
comprehensive profile   Radboud University
comprehensive profile   Hertie School
comprehensive profile   University of Antwerp
  Kingston University
  Global College Malta
  Manchester Business School
  University of Reading
  Goldsmiths, University of London
  Stockholm University
  University of Lincoln
  Malmö University
  Robert Gordon University
  Universität Rostock
  Le Groupe ESC Dijon-Bourgogne
  University of Copenhagen
  Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
  Université du Luxembourg
  Trinity College Dublin
  Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
  Universität Augsburg
  Tampere University of Technology
  International University of Monaco
  Ghent University
  National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  EPFL - École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
  National University of Singapore
  Universität Koblenz-Landau
  Ovidius University of Constanta
  Sabancı Üniversitesi
  University College Dublin
  Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg
  University of Florence
  WU Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien
  Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management
  Université de Limoges
  National University
  University of Oxford
  Swansea University
  College of Slavonski Brod
  Murdoch University

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